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Contains: Child Poverty

Related to: Births and FertilityLife ExpectancySafeguarding Children and Young PeopleTeenage ConceptionsEducation AttainmentNot in Education, Employment or TrainingOut of Work BenefitsEmployment and Economic ActivityAnxiety and DepressionSelf-Harm, Suicide and Mortality of Undetermined IntentHypertensionCancerPeople with Multiple NeedsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary DiseaseDementiaGeneral Mortality, Cost of LivingFuel PovertyCrime and Disorder, Food Poverty

Socio-economic inequality defined

Socio-economic inequality is defined within the Marmot Review and is based on the theory that there is a social gradient to health and wellbeing. 

Key facts

  • Bath and North East Somerset is one of the least deprived authorities in the country, ranking 247 out of 326 English authorities (where 1 = most deprived).
  • At a small area level there are differences in deprivation within B&NES.

What does the data say?

Socio-economic inequality in Bath and North East Somerset

The 2015 Indices of Multiple Deprivation were published on 30 September 2015. Explore the data using our interactive graph or download the 2-page briefing note

You can also explore the data at a street level, using a visualisation created by Mark Owen from Bath:Hacked.

The impacts of Socio-economic inequality

Locally, we have seen that this issue is related to a wide range of factors across the life-course1.



Pre School & At School

Young Adults & Employment

Older age

Births and Fertility


Prenatal Drinking


Life Expectancy

Poor school readiness


Safeguarding Children and Young People

Anti-Social Behaviour




Childhood Obesity


Teenage Conceptions


Education Attainment



[[Self Harm|Hospital admissions for self harm]]


Criminal activity




Out of Work Benefits


Sunstable low paid jobs




High blood pressure



Fuel Poverty

State nursing home


Multiple comorbid health conditions




Dementia (at a younger age)


Early Death

The Marmot Review 2

Marmot indicators suggest that Bath and North East Somerset is generally significantly higher than nationally and is also generally better than regionally3. The only indicator where this is not the case is with respect to children achieving a good level of development at age 5. For this indicator B&NES is inline nationally and regionally.

Health gaps between occupations

Health gaps are the differences in self-assessed health experienced between socio-economic groupings of occupations. They are measured as the percentage point difference in the rates of "Not Good" health, reported in the 2011 Census, between the most and least advantaged socio-economic occupations. Occupations are classified by the Office for Nataional Statistics against seven groups.


In Bath and North East Somerset4 this health gap presents as a difference of

  • 20% for men (greater than the figure for England and Wales)
  • 18.5% for women (lower than the figure for England and Wales)

Compared to other Unitary authorities (those composed in a similar way to Bath and North East Somerset), the gap for men is ranked 10th highest (out of 55), while for women the gap is ranked 24/55.

Fig 2 - Health Gap 2011 between Class 1 and Class 7 (M/F) B&NES compared to Unitary Authorities

Education Attainment

Key stage 2 - In B&NES in 2013 there were significant differences in the percentage of primary school children in key stage 2 that achieved Level 4 and above in reading, writing and maths, depending on their socio-ecnomic backrounds, 62% of disadvantaged pupils, compared to 83% for non-disadvantaged pupils. 5

Key stage 4 - In B&NES there have been significant differences in the percentage of children in secondary schools that achieve 5+ A*-Cs GCSEs (or equivalent - including English and Maths), depending on their socio-economic backgrounds, 31.5% of disadvantaged pupils (three year average 2011,2012,2013) compared to 67.9% of non-disadvantaged pupils. 6