Part of: Ill Health and Disability, Cancer

Related to: Digestive Cancers - Bowel (Colorectal) Cancer and Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancer , Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Skin Cancer (Melanoma),[[Aging Population]], Births and Fertility, Mental Health and Illness, [[Health Checks]], Major Causes of Mortality, Smoking, End of Life Care

Key Facts

  • Rates in Bath and North East somerset are in line with those for England and neighbouring local authorities
  • Prostate cancer is the most comonly found cancer in men and is manageable with early diagnosis.

Definition

Prostate1 cancer occurs in the prostate which is a small gland in the pelvis that is found only in men. About the size of a walnut, it is located between the penis and the bladder. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis. The main function of the prostate is to help in the production of semen.

The outlook for prostate cancer is generally good. This is because, unlike many other cancers, prostate cancer usually progresses very slowly. A man can live for decades without having any symptoms or needing any treatment. Prostate cancer can usually be cured if it is treated in its early stages.

If the cancer spreads from the prostate to other parts of the body (metastasis), typically the bones, it cannot be cured and treatment is focused on prolonging life and relieving symptoms. 2

What does the data say ? 3

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, with Bowel and Lung cancer the second and third most common. Each year in the UK over 40,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer. It accounts for 25% of all newly diagnosed cases of cancer in men.

The chances of developing prostate cancer increase as you get older. Most cases develop in men aged 50 or older.

For reasons that are not understood, prostate cancer is more common in men of African-Caribbean or African descent, and less common in men of Asian descent.

The causes of prostate cancer are largely unknown but it has also been linked to obesity, low levels of excercise and diet. Some evidence suggests diets high in calcium are linked to an increased risk of development prostrate cancer.

Prostate Cancer incidence

 

 

Prostate cancer mortality 4

Nationally, Prostate cancer is the 4th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for around 7% of all deaths from cancer.

Prostate cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older men. In the UK between 2010 and 2012, an average of 74% of prostate cancer deaths were in men aged 75 years and over, and more than 99% were in those aged 55 years and over.

There is no evidence for an association between prostate cancer mortality and deprivation in England.

In Bath and North East Somerset in 2013, mortality from Prostate Cancer was at 51 per 100,000 male population (compared to 49 in the South West and 47 in England and Wales). 5

 

What can we realistically change?

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance