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Part of: Crime and Disorder

Related to: Alcohol, Cultural Activities, Domestic Abuse, Wellbeing, Gambling, Hate Crime and Hate Incidents, Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyle Behaviours, Noise, Police Assessments, Smoking, Substance Misuse, Tourism and the Visitor Economy, Unintentional Injuries, Youth Offending

Key Facts

  • There was a 26% reduction in the number of crimes linked to the Night Time Economy in B&NES over a 5 year period between 2008 and 2013
  • An average of 30% of crimes linked to the NTE in B&NES were recorded as having occurred between 12pm and 1am. 
  • The numbers of drink driving arrests decreased over the three year period from 177 in 2010/11 to 142 in 2012/13. 
  •  In June 2013 there were 724 premises with alcohol licenses in B&NES
  • Between January 2006 and October 2013 there were 7,960 complaints made to the Council’s Public Protection Team regarding noise, 65%, were made about noise from a domestic dwelling, and 19% about noise from premises of entertainment or with alcohol licenses.
  • Street Marshal and Medic records indicate there was approximately a 34% reduction in the number of users of the Orange Grove Taxi Rank in the year August 2012 to July 2013. 
  • During April 2008 to May 2011 there were 78 emergency calls to the police about incidents that occurred on or near the Avon riverbank between Churchill Bridge and Windsor Bridge Road, 40% between 9pm and 2am.
  • More respondents to the Voicebox Resident’s survey felt safe in Bath City Centre at all times at night, than those that did not.

What does the data say? 

Impacts of the Night Time Economy in Bath and North East Somerset – 2013 Profile 1

The purpose of this profile was to assess the effect of the Night Time Economy on Bath and North East Somerset in terms of crime and disorder and environmental impacts, and how these may have changed overtime.

Night Time Economy Related Crime and Disorder Definition

Offences of violent crime and criminal damage occurring between the hours of 20:00 and 04:00 taking place outside of the home not otherwise defined as domestic violence or hate crime.

This definition is designed purely to assess levels of offending within the public realm where alcohol can be deemed likely to have been a contributing factor with a moderate degree of statistical certainty.

Crimes Linked to the Night Time Economy 2

In Bath and North East Somerset, between 2008 and February 2013 the police recorded  11,490 crimes (criminal damage and violence against the person) linked to the Night Time Economy (8p-4am), 54% (6,184 incidents) of which were violence against the person incidents and 46% (5,306 incidents) of which were criminal damage incidents.

figure_1_-_crimes_linked_to_the_nte_economy_2008-feb_2013_infographic

Figure 1: Recorded crimes linked to the Night Time Economy (8pm -4am) in B&NES (2008-Febuary 2013)

Where

figure_2_-_crimes_linked_to_the_nte_economy_in_bnes_2008-feb_2013_-_by_area_-_bar_graph.

Figure 2: Recorded crimes linked to the Night Time Economy (8pm -4am) in B&NES (2008-Febuary 2013) – By area

 

Bath City Centre- Between 2008 and February 2013 the police recorded 4,302 crimes linked to the NTE in Bath city centre (Abbey and Kingsmead wards), making up 64% of the all the recorded crimes linked to the NTE in B&NES:

  • 84% (3,512 incidents) occurred in Abbey ward
  • 16% (790 incidents) occurred in Kingsmead ward.
  • 75% (3,207 incidents) were violence against the person incidents
  • 25% (1,095 incidents) of were criminal damage.

This means that 52% of all the recorded violence against the person crimes linked to the NTE in B&NES during this period occurred in Bath city centre, and 21% of all the NTE related recorded criminal damage incidents.

Figure 3 is a hotspot analysis of the concentration of crimes linked to the NTE in Bath City Centre and how this corresponds to the cumulative impact assessment area. A similar hotspot analysis was also carried out in 2006, on the whole there has not been a great deal of change in the location of the hot spots. There does however appear to be fewer hotspots than before, but those that remain cover larger areas. 

figure_3_-_crimes_linked_to_the_nte_economy_in_bnes_2008-feb_2013_-_hotspot_analysis_-map

Figure 3: Recorded crimes linked to the Night Time Economy (8pm-4am) in Bath city centre (2008 – February 2013) – Hotspot Analysis

Other significant wards within Bath - Five other wards within Bath have also been identified as having experienced comparatively high incidents of crimes linked to the NTE between 2008 and February 2013, Twerton, Southdown, Walcot, Widcombe, and Westmoreland, with 1,969 crimes recorded altogether, making up 17%.

Unlike the wards that make up Bath city centre, over half of the NTE related crimes occurring during this period in these five wards were incidents of criminal damage, making up 59%, 1,162 of the recorded crimes, compared to the 41% (807 incidents) of which were violence against the person crimes.

Out of these five wards:

  • 29%, 575 recorded occurred in Twerton,
  • 19%, 368 incidents in Southdown
  • 18%, 358 crimes in Walcot,
  • 17%, 337 incidents in Widcombe
  • 17%, 331 crimes in Westmoreland

Keynsham - In Keynsham (made up of Keynsham North, Keynsham South and Keynsham East wards), between 2008 and February 2013 the police recorded 886 crimes (criminal damage and violence against the person) linked to the NTE, making up 8% of the all the recorded crimes linked to the NTE in B&NES as a whole:

  • 58% of these recorded crimes, (518 crimes) were criminal damage incidents
  • 42% (368 crimes) were violence against the person crimes
  • 53%, 466 recorded crimes occurred in Keynsham North
  • 31%, 271 incidents in Keynsham South
  • 17%, 149 crimes in Keynsham East 

Midsomer Norton - In Midsomer Norton (made up of Midsomer Norton North and Midsomer Norton Redfield wards), during this period the police recorded 697 crimes (criminal damage and violence against the person) linked to the NTE, making up 6% of the all the recorded crimes linked to the NTE in B&NES as a whole:

  • 54% of these recorded crimes, (377 crimes) were violence against the person incidents
  • 46% (320 crimes) were criminal damage incidents
  • 70% (485 incidents) occurred in Midsomer Norton North
  • 30% (212 incidents), took place in Midsomer Norton Redfield.

Radstock - In Radstock, only made up of the Radstock ward, between 2008 and February 2013 the police recorded 278 crimes (criminal damage and violence against the person) linked to the NTE, making up 2% of the all the recorded crimes linked to the NTE in B&NES:

  • 54% of these recorded crimes, (150 crimes) were criminal damage incidents
  • 46% (128 crimes) were violence against the person incidents.

Trends over time

There was a 26% reduction in the number of crimes linked to the Night Time Economy in B&NES over the 5 year period between the year Quarter 4 of 2007/08 - Q3 2008/09, with a total of 2,504 crimes, and the year Quarter 4 2011/12 - Q3 2012/13, with a total of 1,841 crimes.

figure_4_-_crimes_linked_to_the_nte_economy_in_bnes_-_financial_quarters_2008_-2013_-_line_graph.

Figure 4: Recorded crimes linked to the Night Time Economy (8pm-4am) in B&NES (financial quarters 2008-2013)

Day of offences

In terms of the daily distribution of crimes linked to the Night Time Economy in B&NES over the 5 year period between the year Quarter 4 of 2007/08 and Q3 2012/13:

  • An average of 24% were recorded as having occurred on a Saturday
  • An average of 20% on a Friday
  • 19% on a Sunday
  • 10% on both Tuesdays and Thursdays,
  • 9% on Wednesdays and 8% on Mondays

It is important to note that a considerable proportion of the crimes recorded on Sunday will be linked to the Saturday night time economy, as 65% of the crimes recorded as occurring on Sunday occurred between midnight and 2:59am (3am).

Time of offences

By far the greatest proportion of crimes over the 5 year period were recorded as having occurred between 12pm and 1am, with an average of 30% of crimes.

Gender of offenders

On average, over the 5 year period between the year Quarter 4 of 2007/08 and Q3 2012/13 where the gender of the offenders of crimes linked to the Night Time Economy in B&NES was known and recorded, 80% of the crimes were recorded as being perpetrated by male offenders, and 20% by female offenders.

figure_5_-_crimes_linked_to_the_nte_economy_in_bnes_2008-feb_2013_-_by_gender

Figure 5: Recorded crimes linked to the Night Time Economy (8pm -4am) in B&NES – By recorded gender of offenders (2008-Febuary 2013)

The recorded gender makeup of offenders during this period has altered slightly, with the proportion of male offenders compared to female offenders increasing from an average of 74% in the year Q4 of 2007/08-Q3 2008/09 to 84% during the year Q4 2011/12 - Q3 2012/13.

It is though important to note that during the 5 year period on average each year the gender of the offender was unknown or not recorded for 51% of the crimes linked to the Night Time Economy in B&NES.

Age of offenders

On average, over the 4 year period between the Q4 of 2008/09 and Q3 2012/13, where the age of offenders of crimes linked to the Night Time Economy in B&NES was recorded:

figure_6_-_crimes_linked_to_the_nte_economy_in_bnes_2008-feb_2013_-_16-27_yrs_offender_infographic

  • 18% by those aged 28-39
  • 13% by those aged 40-51
  • 5% by those under 16
  • 3% by those aged 52-63
  • 1% by those aged 64-75
  • and less than 1% of crimes were perpetrated by those aged 76 and over

The recorded age makeup of offenders during this period did not alter a great deal.

When considering the age make of offenders it is important to bear in mind that during the 4 year period on average each year the age of the offender was unknown or not recorded for 46-52% of these crimes.

Drink driving offences 3

There were 142 arrests coming through B&NES custody for offences linked to drink driving in 2012/13. The three types of offences these comprised of were: In charge of motor vehicle - excess alcohol, Positive Breath Test and Refused Breath Test.

It is important to note that the refused breath test arrests do not necessarily result in a positive breath test.

On the whole the numbers of drink driving offences decreased over the three year period 2010/11 to 2012/13.

drink_driving_offences_2010-11_to_2012-13_-_car_graph.

Figure 6: Numbers of arrests coming through B&NES custody for offences linked to drink driving for the 3 year period 2010/11 to 2012/13

The other offence types that could be attributed to drink driving are:

  • Unfit through drink or drugs
  • Death by careless driving under the influence of alcohol

No arrests were found for the above offence types but the data search was for the primary reason for arrest, and thus these may have been given as secondary reasons for some offenders.

Premises with alcohol licenses 4

 

In 2013 there were 724 premises with alcohol licenses in B&NES:

  • 36% of these were in Bath City Centre (Abbey and Kingsmead wards),
  • 9% were in the other wards in Bath with comparatively high levels of  recorded crime linked to the Night Time Economy (Twerton, Southdown, Walcot, Widcombe, and Westmoreland)
  • 5% were in Keynsham
  • 4% in Midsomer Norton
  • 2% in Radstock.

figure_8_-_distribution_of_premises_with_alcohol_licenses_in_bnes_in_june_2013_-_bar_graph

Figure 7: Distribution of the 724 premises with alcohol licenses in B&NES in June 2013

In June 2013, 405 premises, 56% of the all the alcohol premises in B&NES had late night opening times after 11pm, and 7%, 51 premises had late night opening times after 1am.

The greatest proportion of the premises that had late night opening times after 1am, were unsurprisingly in Abbey ward in the city centre, with 30 premises making up 59% of these premises.

Noise complaints made to the Council’s Public Protection Team 5

Between January 2006 and October 2013 there were 7,960 complaints made to the Council’s Public Protection Team regarding noise.  

The average number of noise complaints each month decreased by 13%, from an average of 90 complaints a month in 2006, to an average of 78 per month in 2013.  This decline though maybe linked to the changes in recording practices that occurred during this period.

Types of complaint

During the seven year period between 2006 and 2012, the highest number of noise complaints were received in the summer months of June with 779, July with 800 and August with 794, each accounting for 11% of all complaints.

figure_8_-_noise_compliants_by_type_2006-oct_2013_-infographic.

Figure 8: Noise complaints made to the Public Protection Team in B&NES (January 2006-October 2013) – By type

During this period:

  • 65%, 5,209 complaints were made about noise coming from a domestic dwelling
  • 19%, 1,477 complaints made about noise from premises of entertainment or with alcohol licenses, such as pubs and clubs
  • 14%, 1,086 complaints were about noise coming from the street (inc. buskers)
  • 2%, 188 complaints were regarding students in domestic dwellings

Wards of addresses being complained about

During the seven year period between 2006 and 2012 36 wards had locations that noise complaints were made about, Abbey ward had the greatest number with 1027 complaints, making up 13% of all complaints, followed by Kingsmead with 471, 6% of complaints, Walcot with 362, 5% of complaints, and Twerton with 335, 4%.

figure_9_-_noise_compliants_by_ward_and_type_2006-oct_2013_-bar_graph

Figure 9: Noise complaints made to the Public Protection Team in B&NES (January 2006-October 2013) – about locations in Abbey, Kingsmead, Walcot and Twerton wards – By type of complaint

Unsurprisingly, because Abbey is in Bath city centre the greatest proportion of complaints were made about entertainment premises such as pubs and clubs (47%), followed by domestic dwellings (37%), a significant proportion was also made about noise on the street (15%).

In contrast, in terms of the types of complaints made about locations in the other three wards that had the most recorded noise complaints made about them, complaints about domestic dwellings made up the greatest proportion of complaints:

  • Kingsmead, 73%
  • Walcot, 86%
  • and Twerton, 91%

This is followed by complaints made about entertainment premises such as pubs and clubs:

  • Kingsmead, 20%
  • Walcot, 10%
  • Twerton, 7% 

Records from the Street Marshals and Medics in Bath  6

There are three groups of Street Marshals and Medics working in the evenings in Bath, those patrolling the city centre, and those located at the Kingsmead and Orange Grove Taxi Ranks.

On the whole during the year August 2012 to July 2013 they worked on Fridays and Saturdays at these sites, and in addition at Orange Grove Taxi Rank, on Thursdays as well.  There were only records for the Street Marshals and Medics working on Fridays and Saturday evenings at the Kingsmead Taxi Rank for four months in 2012, August to November.

During this year each night there was an average of 4 Marshals/Medics patrolling the City Centre, working on average 18 hours a night. Each night there was also on average of 2 Marshals/Medics working at the Orange Grove Taxi Rank, an average of 9 hours, and for each night during the four month period 2 Marshals/Medics worked at the Kingsmead Taxi Rank for 8 hours each night.

 

Incidents

On these evenings during this year the Street Marshals and Medics in Bath, recorded 970 incidents. This is an average of 19 incidents recorded on these days each week during this period.

These incidents either relate to accidents or anti-social and/or criminal behaviour and were distributed accordingly:

  • Marshals and Medics patrolling Bath city centre, 60%, 590 incidents (an average of 11 each week)
  • Orange Grove Taxi Ran, 34%, 331 incidents (an average of 6 each week)
  • Kingsmead Taxi Rank, 5%, 49 recorded incidents (an average of less than 5 incidents each week during the four month period)

figure_10_-_numbers_of_incidents_recorded_by_the_street_marshals_and_medics_in_bath_august_2012-july_2013_-bar_graph.

Figure 10: Numbers of incidents recorded by Street Marshals and Medics in Bath (August 2012-July 2013) – By location

For the nights patrolled by the Marshals and Medics during this year 82,303 people used the Orange Grove Taxi Rank (an average of 1,583 people for the three days), which meant only 0.4% of users were recorded to have caused or experienced an incident.  

 

For the four months August to November 2012 for the two nights a week patrolled by the Marshals and Medics, 6,244 people were recorded to have used the Kingsmead Taxi Rank (an average of 120 people for the two days), which meant only 0.8% of users were recorded to have caused or experienced an incident.

 

Days incidents occurred

 

Out of the 854 incidents recorded by the Street Marshals and Medics during the year August 2012  to July 2013 at all three sites on a Friday and Saturday, 507 occurred on a Saturday, 59%, and 347 on a Friday, 41%. These are broken down by location in the graph below.

 

Type of incidents

figure_11_-_incidents_recorded_by_the_street_marshals_and_medics_in_bath_august_2012-july_2013_-_by_type_and_result_-bar_graph

Figure 11: Incidents recorded by Street Marshals and Medics in Bath (August 2012-July 2013) – By type and result

According to the Street Marshals and Medics, out of the 907 incidents they recorded:

  • 161 incidents, 17% required police attendances,
  • 809 incidents, 83% were those that the Street Marshals and Medics actions were able to prevent the need for police
  • 220 incidents, 23% were medical incidents
  • 154 incidents, 16% were those that the interventions of the Street Marshals and Medics were able to prevent the need for an ambulance 

This adds up to more than 100% because some incidents were both criminal and medical in nature.

Trends overtime – number of Orange Grove taxi rank users

According to the records from the Street Marshals and Medics between August 2012 and July 2013, the average number of users of the Orange Grove Taxi Rank for the three day period of Thursday, Friday and Saturday, has decreased by 34% from an average of 2,049 in first ten weeks (2012), to an average of 1,352 in the last ten weeks (2013).

Trends overtime – days of incidents - Bath City Centre

In terms of the distribution of the incidents as recorded by the Street Marshals and Medics patrolling Bath city centre over the two days of Friday, and Saturday during the year August 2012 to July 2013, the proportion of incidents occuring on a Saturday increased from an average of 58% in the first ten weeks (2012), to 71% in the last ten weeks (2013). Therefore, conversely the average proportion on a Friday decreased from 42% in the first ten weeks, to an average of 29% in the last ten weeks.

River safety review along the river Avon in Bath between Churchill Bridge and Windsor Bridge Road 7

For the findings of the 2011 river safety review, please see our Water Safety section

What does the community say?

Voicebox Residents Survey

The large scale Voicebox Resident Survey aims to provide an insight into Bath and North East Somerset and its local communities and to capture resident’s views on their local area and council services. In 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2016 the questionnaires were posted to 3,150 addresses selected randomly in the local authority area, and in 2015 and 2016 3,650 addresses. 

The Voicebox Surveys carried out in 2012, 2013, and 2015 asked a couple of questions relating to the Night Time Economy. 

In 2012 a total of 850 residents completed the questionnaire, a response rate of 27%. In 2013 a total of 1,189 residents completed it, a response rate of 38%, in 2015 a total of 1,067 residents completed it, a response rate of 29% (sample was 3,650) and in 2016 a total of 1,113 residents completed it, a response rate of 31% (sample was 3,650). 

Bath City Centre at night 8  9

In 2013 and 2015 the Voicebox Survey asked a couple of questions relating to Bath City Centre at night.

In 2015 when respondents were asked how often they visit Bath City Centre after 5pm, 30% said they did so after 5pm on a daily or weekly basis and 29% said they did so twice a year or less often.

Figure 13:Results of the Voicebox question –How often do you visit Bath City Centre after 5pm? (2015)

These figures were virtually the same as in 2013.

When respondents were asked how safe they felt when they last visited Bath City Centre at various times from 5pm onwards in 2015, unsurprisingly the proportion of respondents who said they felt safe in the city centre decreased as the times got later.  The vast majority of respondents (97%) said they felt safe in the City Centre between 5-8pm, compared to 89% between 8-11pm, 76% between 11pm-2am and 68% between 2-5am.

 

Figure 14: Results of the Voicebox question – When you last visited Bath City Centre how safe did you feel at the following times? (2015)

These figures were not statistically significantly different to those in 2013.

 

 

Drunk and Rowdy Behaviour10 11 [fn] Marketing Means (2009) Voicebox 15 Resident Survey Weighted Headlines, Bath and North East Somerset Council – March 2009 – June 2009

 

When asked in 2009, 2010, and 2012 about drunk and rowdy behaviour in public places in their local area:

  • In 2012 only 7% of respondents believed that it was a very big problem, this a reduction when compared to 2010 (9%) and 2009 (11%).
  • There has also been a decline in those that stated that it was a fairly big problem, 14% in 2012, compared to 20% in 2010 and 2009.
  • This means that there has been a significant decrease in the proportion of respondents that believe that drunk and rowdy behaviour is a very big or fairly big problem, 21% in 2012, compared to 29% in 2010 and 31% in 2009.
  • The most common response in 2012 was that this behaviour was not a very big problem (47%), this is an increase from 2010 (34%) and 2009 (42%).

Although most did not believe drunk and rowdy behaviour to be a very big problem, these respondents were nevertheless indicating that they thought drunk and rowdy behaviour was a small problem. Therefore, when combining responses in 2012, 72% of respondents did indicate that they thought this behaviour was, to some extent, a problem in their area. However, in 2012 the proportion of respondents who stated that this behaviour is not a problem at all was quite high, at 28%.

Purple Flag Award 12 13 14

The Purple Flag Award is a national award which recognises cities that are safe and enjoyable places for a night out.

The Voicebox Surveys carried out in 2013, 2015 and 2016 asked questions relating to the Purple Flag Award.

In 2015 when respondents were asked whether they knew about the purple flag award:

  • 84% of respondents had never heard of the Purple Flag Award,  this was 81% in 2013. 
  • The remaining 16% said they either knew a bit about it or they had heard of it but knew very little about it, this was 19% in 2013. 

When respondents were asked whether they knew that Bath has Purple Flag Status, only 4% said they did know, this compares to 6% in 2013. 

Click here to see the results of the Purple Flag Initiatives question in the 2016 Voicebox Resident Survey

  • 1. Urry N (2013) Impacts of the Night Time Economy in Bath and North East Somerset – 2013 Profile, Research and Intelligence TeamBath and North East Somerset Council
  • 2. Urry N (2013) In -house analysis of data from Police Aspire database, Crimes (violence against the person and criminal damage) linked to the Night Time Economy (8pm – 4am) in Bath and North East Somerset between 2008-Febuary2013, Research and Intelligence Team, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 3. Cripps H (30/08/13) Email correspondence from Helen Cripps, Continuous Improvement Officer from Bath Police Station concerning B&NES Drink Driving data – 2010/11-2012/13
  • 4. Urry N (2013) In -house analysis of data from Uniform database, Details of licensing  activities - Current licenses and  complaints data  2010 – 2013, Licensing Team, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 5. Urry N (2013) In-house analysis of Noise Complaints, Public Protection Team Service Requests 2006- October 2013, Public Protection Team, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 6. Urry N (2013) In-house analysis, Monitoring data – Bath BID Street Marshals and Medics Weekly report data August 2012-July 2013,  Safe and Sound
  • 7. The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (2011) Water Safety Review, River Avon Bath, June 2011 – 2008-2011
  • 8. Marketing Means (2014) Voicebox 22 Resident Survey, Results weighted by Age and Gender, Bath and North East Somerset Council – November 2013 – January 2014
  • 9. Marketing Means (2016) Bath and North East Somerset Voicebox 24, City of Bath Report, Bath and North East Somerset Council - November 2015-January 2016
  • 10. RMG Clarity (2013) Voicebox 21 Resident Survey, Community Engagement Report, Bath and North East Somerset Council – November 2012 – January 2013
  • 11. Wyman Dillon (2010) Voicebox 17 Resident Survey Weighted Headline Results, Bath and North East Somerset Council – March 2010 – May 2010
  • 12. Marketing Means (2014) Voicebox 22 Resident Survey, Results weighted by Age and Gender, Bath and North East Somerset Council – November 2013 – January 2014
  • 13. Marketing Means (2016) Bath and North East Somerset Voicebox 24, City of Bath Report, Bath and North East Somerset Council - November 2015-January 2016
  • 14. Marketing Means (2017) Voicebox 25, Individual results with Age and Gender weighting, Bath and North East Somerset Council, November 2016 – January 2017