Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It is estimated that more than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut, across over 30 countries1
Prevalence seems to be concentrated in 28 African and Middle-Eastern countries. 2
There is limited data available on the very granular nationality of students and pupils in Bath and North East Somerset and no statistical model can or should replace face to face experience and practice in this area. The ethnicity or nationality of a particular resident is not a sufficient determinant of FGM, but may indicate the possibility of increased risk of FGM.
The 2011 Census (2011)3 suggests that there were 63 women and girls aged 0-18 who defined their ethic origin as Black African and 46 women and girls aged 0-24 whose nationality of birth was defined as Central or Western Africa.
The 2015 schools census 4 suggests 32 pupils in primary schools and 51 pupils in secondary schools who define their ethnic origin as Black African.
Based on this this available data, there is little evidence to suggest a high prevalence of at risk nationalities in Bath and North East Somerset; but neither does it suggest zero risk to our local population.
- 1. UNICEF (2016)
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Global Concern http://www.unicef.org/media/files/FGMC_2016_brochure_final_UNICEF_SPREAD... (Accessed 20/04/2016)
- 2. World Health Organisation (2016 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): Prevalence of FGM http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/fgm/prevalence/en/ (Accessed 20/04/2016)
- 3. Office for National Statistics (2012) 2011 Census: Country of birth (detailed), local authorities in England and Wales, local analysis
- 4. Bath and North East Somerset Council (2015) Schools Census: Internal Summary Tables - Ethnicity local analysis