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Part of: Domestic Abuse

Related to: Children Exposed to Domestic Abuse New Way Service Families Profile, Domestic Abuse Offenders, Domestic Abuse Victims, Recording and Understanding Domestic Abuse Ill Health and Disability, Mental Health and Illness, Safeguarding Children and Young People, Ethnicity, Sex and Gender, Sexual Orientation, Alcohol, Carers, Police Assessments, Youth Offending, Employment and Economic Activity, Homelessness, Night Time Economy, Safeguarding Adults, Self-Harm, Substance Misuse Suicide and Mortality of Undetermined Intent, Emotional Health and Wellbeing of Children and Young People

For information about the help that is available in Bath and North East Somerset see the Interpersonal Violence & Abuse Strategic Partnership Leaflet on Domestic Violence and Abuse Services.

Link to the NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) guidance on how health and social care services can respond effectively to the problem of domestic abuse. This guidance was published in February 2014.

Key Facts

  • Higher rates of police recorded domestic abuse were reported within urban wards in Bath and North East Somerset between April 2010 and October 2012.
  • Of the 362 referrals to Adult Safeguarding linked with domestic abuse for the period between March 2011 and March 2014, 69.9% of locations of abuse were the victims own home.
  • Violence against the person made up 64% of all domestic abuse crimes recorded by the police in Bath and North East Somerset between 2010 and 2012.
  • Of the 134 Southside Independent Domestic Violence Advisers (IDVA) clients that agreed for their data to be used for research and monitoring purposes between 1st April 2015 and 31st March 2016, 83% reported experiencing jealous and controlling behaviours, 81% harassment and stalking, 63% physical abuse, and 32% sexual abuse. 

When 1

A significantly higher number of police recorded domestic abuse related calls, non-crimes and crime incidents in Bath and North East Somerset between April 2010-October 2012 occurred at the weekend, with the greatest number occurring on Sundays. Overall, there has been a consistent peak in these incidents between 7pm and midnight.

Where 2

Half of the locations of domestic abuse crimes identified by the police in Bath and North East Somerset between April 2010-October 2012 were recorded as taking place on street.

Of the 362 referrals to Adult Safeguarding linked with domestic abuse for the period between March 2011 and March 2014, 69.9% of locations of abuse were the victims own home. 3

Of the 151 women referred to the Julian House Freedom Programme in 2014, 13% were living with the perpetrator at the time of referral. 4

Higher rates of police recorded domestic abuse were reported within urban wards in Bath and North East Somerset between April 2010 and October 2012. The highest number of domestic abuse calls received by police came from the wards of; Combe Down, Keynsham North and Keynsham South, Odd Down,Radstock, and Twerton. The police received between 17 and 38 calls per 1000 of the population from these wards during this time period. This is strongly correlated with Socio-economic Inequality

Number of domestic abuse related calls received by police per 1000 of the population in BANES (April 2010-Oct2012) - by ward

 

Figure 1: Number of domestic abuse related calls received by the police per 1000 of the population in Bath and North East Somerset (April 2010-October 2012) – by ward 5

Click here to see larger image of Figure 1

The ward with the greatest proportion of police domestic abuse notifications to Children’s Social Services in Bath and North East Somerset during the rolling year of April 2012-March 2013 was Twerton with 11.2% (147 notifications) of all notifications, followed by Radstock with 6.6% (87 notifications), and Weston with 6.1% (80 notifications).  6

Police notifications to childrens social services by ward

Figure 2: Percentage of police domestic abuse notifications to Children's Social Services in Bath and North East Somerset by ward (April 2012-March 2013) 7

The majority of the women referred to Julian House's Freedom Programme during the year April 2012-March 2013 resided in Bath, 60% of referrals, followed by Radstock (12%) and Chew Valley (10%).8

referrals_to_julian_houses_freedom_programme_-areas_of_residence_-april_13-march_14.

Figure 3: Julian House Freedom Programme Referrals’ area of residence - 1st April 2012 – 31st March 2013 9

 The 103 families/couples working with the New Way Service in the period 2013 - March 2015 were from all across Bath and North East Somerest, but the greatest proportion were from Twerton (19% ), Keynsham (15%) , Weston (11% ), Radstock (10%) and Midsomer Norton (9%). 10
Type of abuse
 
Violence against the person made up 64% of all domestic abuse crimes recorded by the police in Bath and North East Somerset between 2010 and 2012.

Physical abuse was the most commonly recorded abuse being experienced by the referrals to Adult Safeguarding in Bath and North East Somerset linked with domestic abuse for the period between March 2011-March 2014, with 137 referrals, making up 31% of all alleged domestic abuses. This was closely followed by emotional abuse with 122 referrals, making up 27%, and financial abuse with 110 referrals, making up 25% (83% of referrals in total).  11 The fact physical abuse is the most common abuse type recorded reflects police and probation data. However, unlike police and probation data, emotional and financial abuses also make up a considerable proportion of the alleged abuses.

 

Figure 4: Types of alleged abuse experienced by domestic abuse related referrals to Adult Safeguarding in Bath and North East Somerset (March 2011 -2014) 12 [fn] Yao Z (2014) Adult Safeguarding different risk levels of abuse - Perpetrator - partner or family member data - 2013/14, Bath and North East Somerset Council

Physical and emotional abuse were the most commonly recorded abuse being experienced by the referrals to the New Way Service between 2010 - 2012. There were 85 couple who identified physical abuse as being an issue, making up 38% of all alleged domestic abuses, and 83 couples who identified emotional abuse, 37% of the alleged abuses.   A significant number of couples (28) also identified financial abuse as being a problem, 12% of all abuse,  as well as isolation, 19 couples making up 8% of abuse, and sexual abuse, 10 couples, 4% of abuse.

Between 1st April 2015 and 31st March 2016, Southside supported 194 victims of domestic abuse through their Independent Domestic Violence Advisers (IDVA) and Support Workers services. The data of 134 Southside IDVA clients was used for research and monitoring purposes. The data of 55 clients of the Support Workers service were also used for research and monitoring purposes. 13

The type of abuse experienced by the 134 IDVA clients:

  • Jealous and controlling behaviours – 83%
  • Harassment and stalking – 81%
  • Physical abuse – 63%
  • Sexual abuse – 32% 14

Most of the IDVA clients (82%) were experiencing multiple types of abuse. 15

The type of abuse experienced by the 55 clients of the Support Workers service:

  • Harassment and stalking – 91%
  • Jealous and controlling behaviours – 84%
  • Physical abuse – 55%
  • Sexual abuse – 16%

Most of the clients of the Support Workers service (82%) were experiencing multiple types of abuse. 16

94% of the 37 women who stayed at Next Link's safe house in Bath between April 2011-March 2012 experienced some form of emotional abuse; 76% stated they had suffered physical abuse, 52% financial abuse and 24% sexual abuse. The abuses profile of the 45 women supported by Next Link's resettlement services in Bath and North East during the same period was very similar, 85% said they had experienced emotional abuse, 67% stated they had suffered physical abuse, 49% financial abuse, but just 9% said they had experienced sexual abuse.

Length of abuse 

Between 1st April 2015 and 31st March 2016, Southside supported 194 victims of domestic abuse through their Independent Domestic Violence Advisers (IDVA) and support worker services. The data of 134 Southside IDVA clients was used for research and monitoring purposes. The data of 55 clients of the Support Workers service were also used for research and monitoring purposes. 17

The average length of abuse experienced by these 134 IDVA clients was 3 years, and 2.5 years for the 55 clients of the Support Workers service. 18

Female genital mutilation and forced marriage 19

Although the government’s definition of domestic abuse includes so called 'honour’ based violence, female genital mutilation (FGM) and forced marriage, no data was found identifying these types of domestic abuse in Bath and North East Somerset. The failure to find any data is almost certainly a result of severe underreporting by victims coupled with poor recording of such incidents by the organisations involved in working with victims and perpetrators of domestic abuse.

Currently, the Home Office estimates that 66,000 women in Britain have fallen victim to the practice of female genital mutilation and a further 24,000 are at risk. But researchers have stated that the numbers are out of date and do not reflect the true scale of the problem.These figures were released in 2007, but are based on analysis of the 2001 census, and so are more than a decade old. 20

Research carried out in 2009 by the then Department for Children, Schools and Families estimated that the national prevalence of reported cases of forced marriage of under 18  year olds in England was between 5,000 and 8,000. This was based on the number of FM cases (either actual FM or the threat of FM) encountered by local organisations and the key national organisations. But this estimate does not include a potentially large number of victims who had not come of the attention of any agencies or professionals. 21

According to the Association of Chief of Police Officer of England, Wales and Northern Ireland around 500 people report to the police every year their fear of being forced into marriage, or their experience of rape, assault, false imprisonment and much more as the consequence of being in a marriage without consent.  Moreover, that on average, to the best of the police’s knowledge,12 people are murdered every year for transgressing someone else’s notions of ‘honour’. However, the police do not know how many commit suicide as a means of escape such treatment. 22

Southside - Between 1st April 2015 and 31st March 2016, Southside supported 194 victims of domestic abuse through their Independent Domestic Violence Advisers (IDVA) and support worker services. The data of 134 Southside IDVA clients was used for research and monitoring purposes. 4% of these IDVA clients were identified as at risk of ‘honour’-based violence. No clients were identified as at risk of forced marriage. 23

  • 1. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 2. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 3.  Yao Z (2014) Adult Safeguarding different risk levels of abuse - Perpetrator - partner or family member data - 2013/14, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 4. Movsesian, A. - Case work Coordinator (2015) Julian House Freedom programme statistics -01/01/14 – 31/12/14, Email correspondence on the 10/04/15.
  • 5. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 6. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 7. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 8. Julian House (2013), Freedom program data reports, 1st April 2012 – 31st March 2013
  • 9. Julian House (2013), Freedom program data reports, 1st April 2012 – 31st March 2013
  • 10. Research and Intelligence Team (2016) In house analysis of New Way Service data 2013 - March 15, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 11. Yao Z (2014) Adult Safeguarding different risk levels of abuse - Perpetrator - partner or family member data - 2013/14, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 12. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 13. SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016
  • 14.  SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016
  • 15.  SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016
  • 16.  SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016
  • 17.  SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016
  • 18.  SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016
  • 19. Urry N (2013) Domestic Abuse Profile 2012/13, Bath and North East Somerset Council
  • 20. Halo Project (2013) Scale of FGM to be revealed as Home Office orders new study, http://www.haloproject.org.uk/blog/2013/07/  (viewed 13/09/13)
  • 21. Home Office (2012) Forced Marriage - A Consultation, Summary of Responses June 2012, https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/157829/forced-marriage-response.pdf (viewed on 13/09/13)
  • 22. Association of Chief Police Officer of England Wales and Northern Ireland (2008) Honour Based Violence Strategy,  http://www.acpo.police.uk/documents/crime/2008/200810CRIHBV01.pdf (downloaded on 13/09/13)
  • 23.  SafeLives (2016) SafeLives Insights service report Southside 12 months to April 2016